AMA submission to e-cigarette inquiry is an evidence-free zone
As an AMA member, I am embarrassed by the Australian Medical Association submission to the federal government’s e-cigarette inquiry. It contains factual errors, misleading information, important omissions, unscientific arguments and cherry-picks evidence.
I am not the only one. A well-known US Public Health academic, Professor Michael Siegel has written a scathing critique.
The submission raises concerns about e-cigarettes, but ignores the valuable lessons and information learned from the growing international experience and research. The comprehensive reports by Public Health England, the UK Royal College of Physicians, the University of Victoria in Canada and the UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies are not even mentioned.
The report ignores the fact that Australia is out-of-step with our peer countries. Nicotine is legal or being legalised in the UK, US, EU, Canada and New Zealand and outcomes have been very positive. Are we right on this issue and they are all wrong?
New Zealand has begun the process of legalising nicotine-containing e-cigarettes and e-liquid as a consumer product. In the UK, e-cigarettes are legally available to adults and are widely used with the strong support of government and most public health agencies.
Riddled with errors
The submission proudly asserts Australia’s world-leading tobacco control status by quoting smoking rates from 2013, but curiously ignores the 2016 smoking rates, which show that there was NO significant drop in smoking prevalence between 2013-2016. This unprecedented flatlining of Australia’s smoking rate is an argument in favour of introducing new and innovative strategies, such as e-cigarettes.
It states that ‘young people using e-cigarettes often progress to tobacco smoking’, implying that e-cigarettes lead young people who would never have smoked, to become smokers. In fact, many studies have found that regular vaping is rare in young people who have never smoked (<0.5%). In countries where e-cigarettes are readily available, smoking rates are declining rapidly in young people and are at record low levels.
The submission states ‘Canada is currently in a very similar situation to Australia’. Not true. Canada has committed to legalising nicotine and regulating e-cigarettes as a separate class of (non-tobacco) products. The legislation (Bill S5) has passed through the Senate and the first reading in the House of Commons.
It asserts that ‘The use of e-cigarettes has not increased at the same rate that has been observed overseas’. This is incorrect. Data from the ITC study showed that the rate of growth of use of e-cigarettes was equivalent in Australia and the UK between 2010-2013 and rapid growth has continued since.
‘Norway has banned e-cigarettes’. This is misleading. Norway announced it is lifting its ban in 2016. And on it goes...
By sloppy research and uncritically following the status quo and the NHMRC guidelines, the AMA has let down smokers, its members and public health.